EXAM 2 - PREPARATION TOPICS
Chapters 8-25 - HISTORY OF CALIFORNIA: THE MULTICULTURAL STATE
CHAPTER 8: THE GOLD RUSH
1. Describe the various land and sea routes the forty niners followed to the California gold fields. Indicate the advantages and disadvantages of each.
2. Evaluate the positive and negative effects of the gold rush on California history
3. Speculate on how California cold have developed without the gold rush
CHAPTER 9: A NEW STATE AND FRONTIER POLITICS
1. Explain the reasons for the confused legal and political status of California from the outbreak of the Mexican War until the achievement of statehood.
2. What was the nature of the Monterey constitutional convention? Who were the delegates, and what were the major decisions made?
Chapter 10: CRIME AND PUNISHMENT
1. What were the psychological, political, economic, and social factors which contributed to the emergence of vigilantism in early American California?
2. Explain the formation and actions of the vigilance committees outside of San Francisco.
Chapter 11: RACIAL OPPRESSION AND ECONOMIC CONFLICT
1. Explain the system of determining the validity of Mexican land titles under the Gwin Act of 1851. How were the Mexican grantees placed at a disadvantage? What was the final outcome of the process?
2. Compare the nature of racial discrimination against Mexicans, Chinese, Indians, and African Americans during the 1850s and 1860s. What forms did this discrimination take, and which group suffered the worst kind of oppression?
CHAPTER 13: BUILDING THE CENTRAL PACIFIC RAILROAD
1. What was the contribution of Theodore D. Judah to the transcontinental railroad? Do you think the history of California would have been different if Judah had fulfilled his goal of taking over leadership of the Central Pacific Railroad?
2. Explain the federal and state aid given to the Central pacific Railroad. What was the nature of this support? How was it justified?
3. Describe the critical role played by Chinese laborers in the building of the Central Pacific.
CHAPTER 14: THE "TERRIBLE SEVENTIES"
1. Explain the positive and negative effects of the completion of the transcontinental railroad.
2. Trace the evolution of the Big Four's transportation and land monopolies in California. What were its effects on California society?
CHAPTER 15: POLITICAL TURMOIL AND A NEW CONSTITUTION
1. Explain the reasons for California's political upheaval of the 1870's. Why did the Workingman's party emerge at this time? What was its main platform?
2. Summarize the main provisions of the constitution of 1879. Why did this constitution generally fail to reform California state government?
3. How did the Chinese view the discrimination they suffered in California during the 1870's and 1880's? What actions did they take to oppose this treatment?
CHAPTER 16: ECONOMIC GROWTH
1 Explain the beginning of the wheat, wine, and citrus industries in California. What role did the state's geography, climate, and technological improvements play in their development?
2. Explain the major controversies over California water use in the nineteenth century. What measures were taken to resolve these controversies?
CHAPTER 18: POLITICS IN THE ERA OF RAILROAD DOMINATION
1. What was the impact of the Colton letters, the Los Angeles free harbor fight, the Huntington-Stanford feud, and the funding bill controversy on the image of the Southern Pacific in California?
CHAPTER 19: LABOR AND CAPITAL
1. What were the unique California circumstances that gave rise to the pattern of alien, nonwhite, migratory agricultural labor in the state?
2. Explain the goals and methods of the IWW in California. Why did the efforts of the Wobblies met with only limited success?
CHAPTER 20: THE ROOTS OF REFORM
1. What was the nature of city corruption in San Francisco politics in the early 1900?
2. Describe the leadership, goals, and results of the San Francisco graft prosecution.
CHAPTERS 21: THE REPUBLICAN PROGRESSIVES IN POWER
1. What was the relationship between the progressive leaders and the anti-Japanese movement in California? What rationalizations and political considerations motivated them to support this movement?
CHAPTER 22: THE TRIUMPH OF CONSERVATISM
What were the provisions of California'a criminal syndicalism law? How was it used during the 1920s to suppress radical political activities in the state?
CHAPTER 23: NEW INDUSTRIES FOR SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
CHAPTER 24: CONTROVERSIES OVER LAND AND WATER
CHAPTER 25: THE GREAT DEPRESSION
1. Summarize the major programs of the technocrats, the Townsendites, and the Ham'nEggers. Why were these social messiahs so popular in California during the 1930's?
2. Explain the renewed struggle between labor and employers in California during the 1930's. What was the role of teh CAWIU in strikes by farm workers? What were the causes and what was the outcome of the San Francisco waterfront and general strikes of 1834?
From: Instructor’s manual by Gregory Tilles.